Wednesday, May 25, 2016

Part (B) Of Marine terminology you need to know

Following our last post on part (A)  Of Marine terminology,  have tried to gather more terminology use in Maritime world.
On this part B,  you are going to read more terminologies which starts with the letter B ; 

To back the anchor

To carry out a small anchor ahead of the large one, in order to prevent it from coming home.

To back astern

In rowing, is to impel the boat with her stern foremost by means of the oars.

To back the sails

To arrange them in a situation that will occasion the ship to move astern.

To back and fill

Is to receive the wind sometimes on the foreside of the sail, and sometimes on the other, and is used when dropping a vessel up or down a river.


A place for ships to anchor.

To bagpipe the mizen

To bring the sheet to the mizen shrouds.

To balance

To contract a sail into a narrower compass, by tying up a part of it at one corner.


Is either pigs of iron, stones, or gravel, which last is called single ballast; and their use is to bring the ship down to her bearings in the water which her provisions and stores will not do. Trim the ballast, that is spread it about, and lay it even, or runs over one side of the hold to the other.


Bale the boat; that is, lade or throw the water out of her.

Under bare poles

When a ship has no sail set.


A carvel built boat, that rows with ten or twelve oars.


A thin piece of wood. Batten down the hatches, is to nail batters upon the tarpaulins, which are over the hatches, that they may no be washed off.


The situation of one place from another, with regard to the points of the compass. The situation also of any distant object, estimated from some part of the ship, according to her situation; these latter bearings are either on the beam, before the beam, abaft the beam, on the lee or weather bow, on the lee or weather quarter, ahead or astern.

Bear a-hand

Make haste, dispatch.

To bear in with the land

Is when a ship sails towards the shore.

To bear off

To thrust or keep off the ship's side, &c. any weight when hoisting

To bear up or away

The act of changing a ship's course, to make her sail more before the wind


Caulking every seam in her bottom.

Beating to windward

The making a progress against the direction of the wind, by steering alternately close-hauled on the starboard and larboard tacks.

To becalm

To intercept the current of the wind, in its passage to a ship, by any contiguous object, as a shore above her sails, as a high sea behind, &c. and thus one sail is said to becalm another.

Before the beam

Denotes an arch of the horizon comprehended between the line of the beam and line of the keel forward.

To belay

To fasten a rope, by winding it several times backwards and forwards on a cleat or pin.

To bend

To make fast, to secure.

To bend a sail

Is to affix it to its proper yard, mast or stay.

Between decks

The space contained between any two decks of a ship.

Bight of a rope

Any part between the two ends.


A narrow inlet of the sea.


To break. The ship is BILGED, that is, her planks are broken with violence.


Is that which, by reason of the flatness of a ship's bottom, lies on her floor, and cannot go to the pump.


A kind of box to contain the compasses in upon the deck.


The station in which a ship rides at anchor, either alone, or in a fleet; the due distance between two ships; and also a room or apartment for the officers of a mess.


Very large pieces of timber in the fore-part of a ship, round which the cables are fastened when the ship is at anchor. AFTER-BITTS, a smaller kind of BITTS, upon the quarter-deck, for belaying the running rigging to.

To bitt the cable

Is to bring the cable under the cross-piece, and a turn round the bitt-head. In this position it may either be kept fixed or veered away.


The turn of a cable round the bitts.


That part of the cable which stays within-board round about the bitts when a ship is at anchor.


A piece of wood with running sheaves or wheels in it, through which the running rigging is passed, to add to the purchase.

Block and Block

When they cannot approach any nigher.

Board and Board

When two ships come so near as to touch each other, or when that lie side-by-side.

To board a ship

To enter an enemy's ship in an engagement.

Bold shore

A steep coast, permitting the close approach of a ship.


The rope which goes round a sail, and to which the canvas is sewed.

Bonnet of a sail

Is an additional piece of canvas put to the sail in moderate weather to hold more wind. Lace on the BONNET, that is, fasten it to the sail. Shake off the BONNET, take it off.


Cleaning the upper part of a ship's bottom, or that part which lies immediately under the surface of the water; and paying it over with tallow, or with a mixture of tallow, sulphur, resin &c.

Both sheets aft

The situation of a ship sailing right before the wind.


A frame of old rope or junk, laid out at the bows, stems, and sides of ships, to prevent them from being injured by flakes of ice.

Bow-line bridles

Lines made fast to the cringles in the sides of the sails, and to which the bow-line is fastened.


Lines made fast to the bridles, to haul then forward when upon a wind, which being hauled tort, enables the ship to sail nearer to the wind.

To bowse

To pull upon any body with a tackle, in order to remove it.


A large piece of timber which stands out from the bows of a ship.


A particular method of veering a ship, when the swell of the sea renders tacking impracticable.


It is performed by laying the head-sails aback, to pay off the ship's head when got in the wind, in order to return the ship's head into the line of her course.

To brace the yards

To move the yards, by means of the braces.

To brace about

To brace the yards round for the contrary tack.

To brace sharp

To brace the yards to a position, in which they will make the smallest possible angle with the keel, for the ship to have head-way.

To brace-to

To cast off the lee braces, and round in the weather braces, to assist the motion of the ship's head in tacking.

To brail up

To haul up a sail by means of the brads.


A name to certain ropes belonging to the mizen, used to truss it up to the gaff and mast. But it is likewise applied to all the ropes which are employed in hauling up the after-corners of the stay-sails.

To break bulk

The act of beginning to unload a ship.

To break sheer

When a ship at anchor is forced, by the wind or current, from that position in which she keeps her anchor most free of herself and most firm in the ground, so as to endanger the tripping or fouling her anchor.


Burning off the filth from a ship's bottom.


A rope employed to confine a ship sideways to a wharf or to some other ship.

To bring by the lee


To bring to

To check the course of a ship when she is advancing, by arranging the sails in such a manner as that they shall counteract each other, and prevent her from either retreating or advancing.

To broach to

To incline suddenly to windward of the ship's course against the helm, so as to present her side to the wind, and endanger her losing her masts. The difference between BROACHING TO, and BRINGING BY THE LEE may be thus defined: suppose a ship under great sail is steering south, having the wind at N. N. W. then west is the weather side, and east the lee-side. If, by any accident, her head turn round to the westward, so as that her sails are all taken a-back on the weather-side, she is said to BROACH TO. If, on the contrary, her head declines so far eastward as to lay her sails a-back on that side which was the lee-side, it is called BRINGING BY THE LEE.


A discharge of all the guns on one side of a ship both above and bellow.

Broken-backed, or hogged

The state of a ship which is so loosened in her frame as to drop at each end.


A partition.


The sides of a ship above the decks.


A floating conical cask, moored upon shoals, to show where the danger is; also used on anchors to show where they lie.


Lines that come down from the top of the mast to the foot rope before the sail, and by which the bunt or belly of the sail is hauled up outwards.

By the board

Over the ship's side.

By the head

The state of a ship when she is so unequally loaded as to draw more water forward than she ought.

By the wind

The course of a ship as nearly as possible to the direction of the wind, which is generally within six points of it.

Reference:  Marine terms,  Glossary of Nautical Terms, dictionary of marine terms.
Read more about:  marine terms .  For  opinions,  please place your comments below. Thanks.


Tuesday, May 24, 2016

Part (A) Of Marine terminology you need to know

In Maritime,  we usually use some terminologies,  in which one word can mean a long sentence.  This is because in Maritime world,  we mainly communicate via VHF and other long distance signal transmissions.  Ship been a moving object required a short and fast communication.
Below, we are going to list some Maritime words and means,  for more better understanding;
The situation of the sails, when their surfaces are pressed aft against the mast by the force of the wind.
The hinder part of a ship, or towards the stern. It also signifies farther aft or nearer to the stern; as, the barricade stands ABAFT the main-mast; that is, nearer to the stern.
Abaft the beam
Denotes the relative situation of any object with the ship when the object is placed in any part of that arch of the horizon which is contained between a line at right angles with the keel and that point of the compass which is directly opposite to the ship's course.
The inside of a ship.
A board
Is the distance run by a ship on one tack: thus they say, good board, when a ship does not go to leeward of her course; a short. board, and a long board, according to the distance run.
Aboard main tack!
The order to draw the lower corner of the main-sail down to the chestree.
The situation of a ship as soon as she has tacked.
About ship!
The order to prepare for tacking.
The situation of two or more ships lying with their sides parallel, and their heads equally advanced; in which case they are abreast of each other. Abreast of any place, means off or directly opposite to it.
The state of a ship broken from her moorings, and driving about without control.
Buoyed up by the water from the ground.
All that part of a ship which lies forward, or near the stem. It also signified farther forward; as, the manager stands afore the foremast; that is, nearer to the stem.
Behind, or near the stern of the ship.
A phrase applied to any object in the hinder part of the ship, as after hatchway, the after-sails, &c.
A ground
The situation of a ship when her bottom, or any part of it, rests in the ground
A head
Any thing which is situated on that point of the compass to which a ship's stern is said to be a-head of her.
A hull
The situation when all her sails are furled, and her helm to the lee-side; by which she lies with her head being somewhat inclined to the direction of the wind.
A lee
The position of the helm when it is pushed down to the lee-side.
All in the wind
The state of a ship's sails when they are parallel to the direction of the wind, so as to shake, or quiver.
All hands hoay!
The call by which all the ship's company are summoned upon deck.
At the mast heads, or any where about the higher rigging.
Along side
Side by side, or joined to a ship, wharf; &c.
Along shore
Along the coast; a coast which is in the sight of the shore, and nearly parallel to it.
Is distance. Keep aloof, that is, keep at a distance.
A main
At once, suddenly; as; let go main!
A midships
The middle of a ship, either with regard to her length or breadth.
To anchor
To let the anchor fall into the ground, for the ship to ride thereby.
Ground fit to hold a ship by her anchor.
The anchor is cock-bill
The situation of the anchor when it hangs by the stopper at the cathead.
At anchor
The situation of a ship riding at her anchor.
An end
The position of any mast, &c. when erected perpendicularly. The top-masts are said to be an-end when they are hoisted up to their usual stations.
A peek
Perpendicular to the anchor, the cable having been drawn so tight as to bring the ship directly over it. The anchor is then said to be apeek.
Arm the lead
Apply putty to the lower end.
On the shore. It also means A-GROUND.
Any distance behind a ship, as opposed to A-HEAD.
Across the line of a ship's course or keel.
Athwart hawse
The situation of a ship when driven by accident across the fore-part of another, whether they touch or are at a small distance from each other, the transverse position of the former is principally understood.
Athwart the fore foot
When any object crosses the line of a ship's course, but ahead of her it is said to be athwart her fore foot.
A direction across the ship from one side to the other.
The when applied to the anchor, it means that the anchor is drawn out of the ground, in a perpendicular direction, by the cable or buoy rope.  The topsails are said to be atrip when they are hoisted up to the mast-head, to their utmost extent.
The command to stop, or cease, in any operation.
A shelter or screen of canvass, spread over the decks of a ship to keep off the heat of the sun. Spread the awning, extend it so as to cover the deck.
The same as atrip.

Reference from Glossary of Nautical terms
Part (B)  ===>>Continue reading

Saturday, May 21, 2016

Very Important Methods Of Reducing Freshwater Consumption Onboard Ship.

=> Avoid using freshwater in deck washing : washing deck with fresh water is a job in which lot of fresh water is consumed. People involved in this job must be advised to use as less water as possible.  In this case,  they can use sea water to start and make finial washing with fresh water. A cock must be fitted on the hose to regulate or stop continues flow of fresh water.

=> Closing cabin cocks: sometimes we experience low pressure in the freshwater hydrophore( maybe do to pump auto start problems or low water in the tank), during such incident, we most learn how to close our cabin cock while leaving the cabin for your duties.  This is because when the Engineers rectifiers the problem,  the water will start running and may lose 1-2T of water within your 4 hours watch.

=> Line Leakage : To know and maintain line leak,  your boiler water cascade tank and expansion tank to be filled manually and keep track of consumption , so that any abnormality (due to line Leakage) can't go undetected.

=> Meter log : Another method is to enter the cascade tank flow meter reading everyday in the log book. That way you can keep a track of it day-wise and come to know when something is wrong." I once remember we found a sudden jump in the flow meter reading for a couple of days only to investigate and find there were two major leaks in the steam lines to bunker tank heating"

Sunday, May 15, 2016

Ship bunkering operations

Shipping been the world largest way of transportation today,  has her own way of refilling her engine fuel. On this article,  we are going to discuss the meaning of "bunkering"  &  "Bunker".

Ship bunkering: This is a process of filling in ship fuel into her various tankers. On this operation required the presence of chief engineer, 4th or 3rd Engineer,  and in the other hands,  the deck officers on watch and his or her term also required to alongside the bunker ship.

Bunker : Is the name given to the ship fuel which is been supplied to the ship.  Since ships uses different types of fuel "; ie heavy fuel Oil (HFO),  Diesel oil (MDO),  Liquefied natural gas (LNG) ,  etc"  we generally name them bunker. 

Get more about what you need and roles to play during Ship Bunkering operations.

Since this operation involves flammable substance,  it requires a maximum safety precautions to be taken.  In this case,  you  need to check and makes sure your company's checklist is been filled so that no safety precautions led down incase of such operation is missed on.

Sunday, May 8, 2016

ADMISSION!! ADMISSION!! Odessa Maritime Academy and others.

Admission into the following Ukrainian Universities and courses.

- Khereson Maritime Academy Ukraine

- Odessa National Maritime University Ukraine

- Shipbuilding and Ocean Technologies,  Nikolaev

- Machine Engineering

- Management

- Sea and River Transport

- Law

- Construction

- Transport Technologies

- Electromechanics

Please contact us via email: or Skype globemadeeasy

Wednesday, May 4, 2016

Five Important ways to maintain pilot ladder to avoid accidents or loss of life at sea

What is Pilot ladder and it functions?
Ship Pilot ladder
Pilot ladder : This consist of a rope  ladder which constructed to  overseeing authorities, statutory requirements  ,which  it length comes from the main deck to the water line.  Pilot Ladders remain the most efficient way for pilots , other ship visitors to board vessel while at sea, on motion and even though this is a simple process improper to give rise to claims . i.e. serious injuries to pilots occasionally resulting in death.

                           Why pilots need to board the ship?
Pilots are required onboard the ship while the ship approaches to an unknown channels,  thereby pilots are to assist the captain in manoeuvering   the vessel across the channel and other critical areas.

                                                 Ways to maintain pilot ladders ? 
To reduce the accidents involving in pilot ladders, the ship crew most always follow below steps , to maintain the pilot ladder :
     - Inspections : ship crew or chief mate who is in charge of the deck most make sure that the pilot ladders are inspected and  kept very well (Planned maintenance ).
     - Defective Ropes and/or steps :  In many case, this point causes the highest accident , which always lead to death. Therefore, ship crew most pay very good attention to it, always check for the rope strength, defective  steps and try to change them.
      - Excessive freeboards :  sometimes, pilots board the ship in excessive freeboard, which need to extend the length of the ladder, in other to reach to the pilot boat, this is case, we most be careful while combining the ladders. ( or we can use a combination of the ship’s gangway and the pilot ladder) .
    - Observations:  failure to notice deterioration of the natural fiber ropes used in the pilot ladder construction or broken/torn chocks used to support the ladder steps can cause the ladder to give ways or cut under stress. 

    - Records : it is very imperative that the pilot ladders certification , periodic inspections, reports and most important records are very maintained on board by ship crews . this records most details the actual condition of the pilotladders.

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